[ 1950s ]
[ 1960s ]
[ 1970s ]
[ 1980s ]
[ 1990s ]
[ Growth ]
[ FAQ ]
[ Sources ]
Hobbes' Internet Timeline v2.4a
Robert H'obbes' Zakon
The MITRE Corporation
Hobbes' Internet Timeline Copyright (c)1993-6 by Robert H Zakon.
Permission is granted for use of this document in whole or in part for non
commercial purposes as long as appropriate credit is given to the author/maintainer.
A copy of the material the Timeline appears in is appreciated.
For commercial uses, please contact the author first.
The author wishes to acknowledge the
Internet Society for hosting this document, and the many Net folks
who have contributed suggestions and helped with the author's
Additional information about the Internet may be found at
Hobbes' Internet World
- USSR launches Sputnik, first artificial earth satellite. In response,
US forms the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) within the
Department of Defense (DoD) to establish US lead in science and
technology applicable to the military (:amk:)
- Paul Baran, RAND: "On Distributed Communications Networks"
- Packet-switching (PS) networks; no single outage point
- ARPA sponsors study study on "cooperative network of time-sharing
- TX-2 at MIT Lincoln Lab and Q-32 at System Development Corporation
(Santa Monica, CA) are directly linked (without packet switches)
- ACM Symposium on Operating Principles
- Plan presented for a packet-switching network
- First design paper on ARPANET published by Lawrence G. Roberts
- National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in Middlesex, England develops NPL
Data Network under D. W. Davies
- PS-network presented to the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)
- ARPANET commissioned by DoD for research into networking
- First node at UCLA [Network Measurements Center - SDS SIGMA 7:SEX]
and soon after at: [legend = function - system:os]
- Stanford Research Institute (SRI) [NIC - SDS940/Genie]
- UCSB [Culler-Fried Interactive Mathematics - IBM 360/75:OS/MVT]
- U of Utah [Graphics (hidden line removal) - DEC PDP-10:Tenex]
- use of Information Message Processors (IMP) [Honeywell 516 mini
computer with 12K of memory] developed by Bolt Beranek and Newman,
- First Request for Comment (RFC): "Host Software" by Steve Crocker
- Store-and-forward networks
- Used electronic mail technology and extended it to conferencing
- ALOHAnet developed by Norman Abrahamson, U of Hawaii (:sk2:)
- connected to the ARPANET in 1972
- ARPANET hosts start using Network Control Protocol (NCP).
- 15 nodes (23 hosts): UCLA, SRI, UCSB, U of Utah, BBN, MIT, RAND, SDC,
Harvard, Lincoln Lab, Stanford, UIU(C), CWRU, CMU, NASA/Ames
- International Conference on Computer Communications with
demonstration of ARPANET between 40 machines and the Terminal
Interface Processor (TIP) organized by Bob Kahn.
- InterNetworking Working Group (INWG) created to address need
for establishing agreed upon protocols. Chairman: Vinton Cerf.
- Ray Tomlinson of BBN invents email program to send messages across a
distributed network. (:amk:)
- Telnet specification (RFC 318)
- First international connections to the ARPANET: University College of
London (England) and Royal Radar Establishment (Norway)
- Bob Metcalfe's Harvard PhD Thesis outlines idea for Ethernet (:amk:)
- Bob Kahn poses Internet problem, starts internetting research program
at ARPA. Vinton Cerf sketches gateway architecture in March on back
of envelope in hotel lobby in San Francisco (:vgc:)
- Cerf and Kahn present basic Internet ideas at INWG in September at U of Sussex,
Brighton, UK (:vgc:)
- File Transfer specification (RFC 454)
- Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn publish "A Protocol for Packet Network
Intercommunication" which specified in detail the design of a
Transmission Control Program (TCP). [IEEE Trans Comm] (:amk:)
- BBN opens Telenet, the first public packet data service (a commercial
version of ARPANET) (:sk2:)
- Operational management of Internet transferred to DCA (now DISA)
- "Jargon File", by Raphael Finkel at SAIL, first released (:esr:)
- Elizabeth, Queen of the United Kingdom sends out an e-mail
(various Net folks have e-mailed dates ranging from 1971 to 1978;
1976 was the most submitted and the only found in print)
- UUCP (Unix-to-Unix CoPy) developed at AT&T Bell Labs and distributed
with UNIX one year later.
- THEORYNET created by Larry Landweber at U of Wisconsin providing
electronic mail to over 100 researchers in computer science
(using a locally developed email system and TELENET for access to
- Mail specification (RFC 733)
- Tymshare launches Tymnet
- First demonstration of ARPANET/Packet Radio Net/SATNET operation of
Internet protocols with BBN-supplied gateways in July (:vgc:)
- Meeting between U of Wisconsin, DARPA, NSF, and computer scientists
from many universities to establish a Computer Science Department
research computer network (organized by Larry Landweber).
- USENET established using uucp between Duke and UNC by Tom Truscott
and Steve Bellovin. All original groups under net.* hierarchy.
- First MUD, MUD1, by Richard Bartle and Roy Trubshaw at U of Essex
- ARPA establishes the Internet Configuration Control Board (ICCB)
- Packet Radio Network (PRNET) experiment starts with DARPA funding.
Most communications take place between mobile vans. ARPANET
connection via SRI.
- BITNET, the "Because It's Time NETwork"
- Started as a cooperative network at the City University of New York,
with the first connection to Yale (:feg:)
- Original acronym stood for 'There' instead of 'Time' in reference to
the free NJE protocols provided with the IBM systems
- Provides electronic mail and listserv servers to distribute
information, as well as file transfers
- CSNET (Computer Science NETwork) built by a collaboration of
computer scientists and U. of Delaware, Purdue U., U. of Wisconsin,
RAND Corporation and BBN through seed money granted by NSF to
provide networking services (specially email) to university
scientists with no access to ARPANET. CSNET later becomes known
as the Computer and Science Network. (:amk,lhl:)
- Minitel (Teletel) is deployed across France by France Telecom.
- DCA and ARPA establishes the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and
Internet Protocol (IP), as the protocol suite, commonly known as TCP/IP,
for ARPANET. (:vgc:)
- This leads to one of the first definitions of an "internet"
as a connected set of networks, specifically those using TCP/IP,
and "Internet" as connected TCP/IP internets.
- DoD declares TCP/IP suite to be standard for DoD (:vgc:)
- EUnet (European UNIX Network) is created by EUUG to provide email and
USENET services. (:glg:)
- original connections between the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, and UK
- External Gateway Protocol (RFC 827) specification. EGP is used for
gateways between networks.
- Name server developed at U of Wisconsin, no longer requiring users
to know the exact path to other systems.
- Cutover from NCP to TCP/IP (1 January)
- CSNET / ARPANET gateway put in place
- ARPANET split into ARPANET and MILNET; the latter became integrated
with the Defense Data Network created the previous year.
- Desktop workstations come into being, many with Berkeley UNIX which
includes IP networking software.
- Need switches from having a single, large time sharing computer
connected to Internet per site, to connection of an entire local
- Internet Activities Board (IAB) established, replacing ICCB
- Berkeley releases 4.2BSD incorporating TCP/IP (:mpc:)
- EARN (European Academic and Research Network) established. Very
similar to the way BITNET works with a gateway funded by IBM.
- FidoNet developed by Tom Jennings.
- Domain Name Server (DNS) introduced.
- # of hosts breaks 1,000
- JUNET (Japan Unix Network) established using UUCP.
- JANET (Joint Academic Network) established in the UK using the
Coloured Book protocols; previously SERCnet.
- Moderated newsgroups introduced on USENET (mod.*)
- Neuromancer written by William Gibson
- Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link (WELL) started
- NSFNET created (backbone speed of 56Kbps)
- NSF establishes 5 super-computing centers to provide high-computing
power for all (JVNC@Princeton, PSC@Pittsburgh, SDSC@UCSD, NCSA@UIUC,
- This allows an explosion of connections, especially from
- The first Freenet (Cleveland) comes on-line 16 July under the auspices
of the Society for Public Access Computing (SoPAC). Later Freenet program
management assumed by the National Public Telecomputing Network (NPTN)
in 1989 (:sk2,rab:)
- Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) designed to enhance Usenet news
performance over TCP/IP.
- Mail Exchanger (MX) records developed by Craig Partridge allow
non-IP network hosts to have domain addresses.
- The great USENET name change; moderated newsgroups changed in 1987.
- BARRNET (Bay Area Regional Research Network) established using high
speed links. Operational in 1987.
- NSF signs a cooperative agreement to manage the NSFNET backbone with
Merit Network, Inc. (IBM and MCI involvement was through an agreement
with Merit). Merit, IBM, and MCI later founded ANS.
- UUNET is founded with Usenix funds to provide commercial UUCP and
Usenet access. Originally an experiment by Rick Adams and Mike O'Dell
- 1000th RFC: "Request For Comments reference guide"
- # of hosts breaks 10,000
- # of BITNET hosts breaks 1,000
- 1 November - Internet worm burrows through the Net, affecting ~6,000
of the 60,000 hosts on the Internet (:ph1:)
- CERT (Computer Emergency Response Team) formed by DARPA in response to
the needs exhibited during the Morris worm incident.
# of advisories-reports/years:
1/88, 7/89, 12-130/90, 23/91, 21-800/92, 18-1,300/93, 15-2,300/94
- DoD chooses to adopt OSI and sees use of TCP/IP as an interim. US
Government OSI Profile (GOSIP) defines the set of protocols to be
supported by Government purchased products (:gck:)
- Los Nettos network created with no federal funding, instead supported
by regional members (founding: Caltech, TIS, UCLA, USC, ISI).
- NSFNET backbone upgraded to T1 (1.544Mbps)
- CERFnet (California Education and Research Federation network) founded
by Susan Estrada.
- Internet Relay Chat (IRC) developed by Jarkko Oikarinen (:zby:)
- First Canadian regionals join NSFNET: ONet via Cornell, RISQ via
Princeton, BCnet via U of Washington (:ec1:)
- FidoNet gets connected to the Net, enabling the exchange of e-mail
and news (:tp1:)
- Countries connecting to NSFNET: Canada, Denmark, Finland, France,
Iceland, Norway, Sweden
- # of hosts breaks 100,000
- RIPE (Reseaux IP Europeens) formed (by European service providers) to
ensure the necessary administrative and technical coordination to
allow the operation of the pan-European IP Network. (:glg:)
- First relays between a commercial electronic mail carrier and the
Internet: MCI Mail through the Corporation for the National Research
Initiative (CNRI), and Compuserve through Ohio State U (:jg1,ph1:)
- Corporation for Research and Education Networking (CREN) is formed
by the merge of CSNET into BITNET
- Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and Internet Research Task
Force (IRTF) comes into existence under the IAB
- AARNET - Australian Academic Research Network - set up by AVCC and
CSIRO; introduced into service the following year (:gmc:)
- Cuckoo's Egg written by Clifford Stoll tells the real-life tale of a
German cracker group who infiltrated numerous US facilities
- Countries connecting to NSFNET: Australia, Germany, Israel, Italy,
Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Puerto Rico, UK
- ARPANET ceases to exist
- Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is founded by Mitch Kapor
- Archie released by Peter Deutsch, Alan Emtage, and Bill Heelan at McGill
- Hytelnet released by Peter Scott (U of Saskatchewan)
- The World comes on-line (world.std.com), becoming the first commercial
provider of Internet dial-up access
- ISO Development Environment (ISODE) developed to provide an approach for
OSI migration for the DoD. ISODE software allows OSI application to
operate over TCP/IP (:gck:)
- CA*net formed by 10 regional networks as national Canadian backbone
with direct connection to NSFNET (:ec1:)
- The first remotely operated machine to be hooked up to the Internet, the
Internet Toaster, (controlled via SNMP) makes its debut at Interop. [picture]
- Countries connecting to NSFNET: Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil,
Chile, Greece, India, Ireland, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland
- Commercial Internet eXchange (CIX) Association, Inc. formed by General
Atomics (CERFnet), Performance Systems International, Inc. (PSInet),
and UUNET Technologies, Inc. (AlterNet), after NSF lifts restrictions
on the commercial use of the Net (:glg:)
- Wide Area Information Servers (WAIS), invented by Brewster Kahle,
released by Thinking Machines Corporation
- Gopher released by Paul Lindner and Mark P. McCahill from the U of Minn
- World-Wide Web (WWW) released by CERN; Tim Berners-Lee developer (:pb1:)
- PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) released by Philip Zimmerman (:ad1:)
- US High Performance Computing Act (Gore 1) establishes the National
Research and Education Network (NREN)
- NSFNET backbone upgraded to T3 (44.736Mbps)
- NSFNET traffic passes 1 trillion bytes/month and 10 billion packets/month
- Countries connecting to NSFNET: Croatia, Czech Repulic, Hong Kong,
Hungary, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, South Africa, Taiwan, Tunisia
- Internet Society (ISOC) is chartered
- # of hosts breaks 1,000,000
- First MBONE audio multicast (March) and video multicast (November)
- IAB reconstituted as the Internet Architecture Board and becomes
part of the Internet Society
- Veronica, a gopherspace search tool, is released by UofNevada
- World Bank comes on-line
- Internet Hunt started by Rick Gates
- Countries connecting to NSFNET: Cameroon, Cyprus, Ecuador, Estonia,
Kuwait, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Thailand,
- InterNIC created by NSF to provide specific Internet services: (:sc1:)
- directory and database services (AT&T)
- registration services (Network Solutions Inc.)
- information services (General Atomics/CERFnet)
- US White House comes on-line (http://www.whitehouse.gov/):
- President Bill Clinton: email@example.com
- Vice-President Al Gore: firstname.lastname@example.org
- First Lady Hillary Clinton: email@example.com (-:rhz:-)
- Worms of a new kind find their way around the Net - WWW Worms (W4),
joined by Spiders, Wanderers, Crawlers, and Snakes ...
- Internet Talk Radio begins broadcasting (:sk2:)
- United Nations (UN) come on-line (:vgc:)
- US National Information Infrastructure Act
- Businesses and media really take notice of the Internet
- Mosaic takes the Internet by storm; WWW proliferates at a 341,634%
annual growth rate of service traffic. Gopher's growth is 997%.
- Countries connecting to NSFNET: Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Egypt, Fiji, Ghana,
Guam, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Liechtenstein, Peru, Romania,
Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukrayne, UAE, Virgin Islands
- ARPANET/Internet celebrates 25th anniversary
- Communities begin to be wired up directly to the Internet
(Lexington and Cambridge, Mass., USA)
- US Senate and House provide information servers
- Shopping malls arrive on the Internet
- First cyberstation, RT-FM, broadcasts from Interop in Las Vegas
- The National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) suggests that
GOSIP should incorporate TCP/IP and drop the "OSI-only" requirement
- Arizona law firm of Canter & Siegel "spams" the Internet with email
advertising green card lottery services; Net citizens flame back
- NSFNET traffic passes 10 trillion bytes/month
- Yes, it's true - you can now order pizza from the Hut online
- WWW edges out telnet to become 2nd most popular service on the Net
(behind ftp-data) based on % of packets and bytes traffic distribution
- Japanese Prime Minister on-line (http://www.kantei.go.jp/)
- UK's HM Treasury on-line (http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/)
- New Zealand's Info Tech Prime Minister on-line
- First Virtual, the first cyberbank, open up for business
- Radio stations start rockin' (rebroadcasting) round the clock on the Net:
WXYC at UofNC, WJHK at UofKS-Lawrence, KUGS at Western WA U.
- Trans-European Research and Education Network Association (TERENA) is
formed by the merge of RARE and EARN, with representatives from 38
countries as well as CERN and ECMWF. TERERNA's aim is to "promote
and participate in the development of a high quality international
information and telecommunications infrastructure for the benefit
of research and education"
- Countries connecting to NSFNET: Algeria, Armenia, Bermuda, Burkina Faso,
China, Colombia, French Polynesia, Jamaica, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macau,
Morocco, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Philippines, Senegal,
Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Uruguay, Uzbekistan
- NSFNET reverts back to a research network. Main US backbone traffic now
routed through interconnected network providers
- Hong Kong police disconnect all but 1 of the colony's
Internet providers in search of a hacker. 10,000 people are
left without Net access. (:api:)
- Radio HK, the first 24 hr., Internet-only radio station starts broadcasting
- WWW surpasses ftp-data in March as the service with greatest traffic on NSFNet
based on packet count, and in April based on byte count
- Traditional online dial-up systems (Compuserve, American Online, Prodigy)
begin to provide Internet access
- A number of Net related companies go public, with Netscape leading the pack
with the 3rd largest ever NASDAQ IPO share value (9 August)
- Thousands in Menneapolis-St. Paul (USA) lose Net access after transients
start a bonfire under a bridge at the U of Minn. causing fiber-optic
cables to melt (30 July)
- Registration of domain names is no longer free. Beginning 14 September, a
$50 annual fee has been imposed, which up until now was subsidized by NSF.
NSF continues to pay for .edu registration, and on an interim basis for .gov
- The Vatican comes on-line (http://www.vatican.va/)
- The Canadian Goverment comes on-line (http://canada.gc.ca/)
- The first official Internet wiretap was successful in helping the Secret
Service and Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) aprehend three individuals who
were illegally manufacturing and selling cell phone cloning equipment
and electronic devices
- Operation Home Front connects, for the first time, soldiers in the field with
their families back home via the Internet.
- Technologies of the Year: WWW, Search engines
- The Internet 1996 World Exposition - the first World's Fair to take place
on the Internet
- "A Day in the Life of the Internet" begs to be published (:rhz:)
Date Hosts | Date Hosts Networks Domains
----- --------- + ----- --------- -------- -------
1969 4 | 07/89 130,000 650 3,900
04/71 23 | 10/89 159,000 837
06/74 62 | 10/90 313,000 2,063 9,300
03/77 111 | 01/91 376,000 2,338
08/81 213 | 07/91 535,000 3,086 16,000
05/82 235 | 10/91 617,000 3,556 18,000
08/83 562 | 01/92 727,000 4,526
10/84 1,024 | 04/92 890,000 5,291 20,000
10/85 1,961 | 07/92 992,000 6,569 16,300
02/86 2,308 | 10/92 1,136,000 7,505 18,100
11/86 5,089 | 01/93 1,313,000 8,258 21,000
12/87 28,174 | 04/93 1,486,000 9,722 22,000
07/88 33,000 | 07/93 1,776,000 13,767 26,000
10/88 56,000 | 10/93 2,056,000 16,533 28,000
01/89 80,000 | 01/94 2,217,000 20,539 30,000
| 07/94 3,212,000 25,210 46,000
| 10/94 3,864,000 37,022 56,000
| 01/95 4,852,000 39,410 71,000
| 07/95 6,642,000 61,538 120,000
| 01/96 9,472,000 93,671 240,000
Figure: Internet hosts
Figure: Internet networks and domains
Worldwide networks growth: (I)nternet (B)ITNET (U)UCP (F)IDONET (O)SI
____# Countries____ ____# Countries____
Date I B U F O Date I B U F O
----- --- --- --- --- --- ----- --- --- --- --- ---
09/91 31 47 79 49 08/93 59 51 117 84 31
12/91 33 46 78 53 02/94 62 51 125 88 31
02/92 38 46 92 63 07/94 75 52 129 89 31
04/92 40 47 90 66 25 11/94 81 51 133 95 --
08/92 49 46 89 67 26 02/95 86 48 141 98 --
01/93 50 50 101 72 31 06/95 96 47 144 99 --
04/93 56 51 107 79 31
Figure: Worldwide networks growth
Date Sites ~MB ~Posts Groups | Date Sites ~MB ~Posts Groups
---- ----- --- ------ ------ + ---- ------- --- ------ ------
1979 3 2 3 | 1986 2200 2.0 946 241
1980 15 10 | 1987 5200 2.1 957 259
1981 150 0.05 20 | 1988 7800 4.4 1933 381
1982 400 35 | HELP: Where is data archived for
1983 600 120 | this period 1989-1991?
1984 900 225 | 1992 63,000 42 17,556
1985 1300 1.0 375 | 1993 69,000 50 19,362
| 1994 190,000 190 72,755
~ approximate: MB - megabytes per day, Posts - articles per day
Additional growth charts (square root, logarithmic) available from
- 1. Why did you compile Hobbes' Internet Timeline?
- For use in the Internet courses I teach: Introduction to the Internet,
Internet Tools Administration, and Net Surfing 101.
- 2. How do I get Hobbes' Internet Timeline?
- The Timeline is archived at: http://info.isoc.org/guest/zakon/Internet/History/HIT.html.
If you prefer a copy via e-mail, send a blank message to firstname.lastname@example.org.
For comments/corrections please use email@example.com.
- 3. What do you do at MITRE?
- I design the soccer shoe of the future (wrong MITRE :-) Actually, I
wear the following hats: Net Evangelist, HCI Engineer, Systems Integrator,
Information Engineer, NIDR Administrator, Lead Scientist, Instructor,
He with the Most Toys
- 4. Why don't you list the # of Internet users?
- This is too controversial, and relatively inaccurate, an issue which the
author does not want to get flamed or spammed for. His guess would be
between 1 (himself) and 5 billion (but then again, one never knows if
you're a dog on the Net).
- 5. Is your license plate really NET SURF?
- Yes, and there is a frame around it with INTERNET at the top, and my
e-mail address at the bottom. (My wife is too embarrassed to drive it:)
Oh, and the bumper sticker says "I'd Rather Be Net Surfing"
- 6. Can I re-print the Timeline or use parts of it for ... ?
- Drop me an e-mail. The answer is most likely (though don't assume) 'yes'
for non-profit use, and 'maybe' for for-profit; but to be sure you are not
going to break any copyright laws, drop me an e-mail and wait for a reply.
- [ I realize the question below is outdated, but I leave it as proof of
my prediction powers :-]
- 7. Who do you think is going to win the '94 World Cup?
- Brasil, of course! (I was born in Rio de Janeiro ...)
- 8. Peddie (Ala Viva!), CWRU (North Side), Amici Usque Ad Aras (OH Epsilon)
- E-mail me if you know
Hobbes' Internet Timeline was compiled from a number of sources, with some
of the stand-outs being:
Cerf, Vinton (as told to Bernard Aboba). "How the Internet Came to Be."
This article appears in "The Online User's Encyclopedia," by Bernard Aboba.
Hardy, Henry. "The History of the Net." Master's Thesis, School of
Communications, Grand Valley State University.
Hauben, Ronda and Michael. "The Netizens and the Wonderful World of the Net."
Kulikowski, Stan II. "A Timeline of Network History." (author's email below)
Quarterman, John. "The Matrix: Computer Networks and Conferencing Systems
Worldwide." Bedford, MA: Digital Press. 1990
"ARPANET, the Defense Data Network, and Internet". Encyclopedia of
Communications, Volume 1. Editors: Fritz Froehlich, Allen Kent.
New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc. 1991
Internet growth summary compiled from:
- zone program reports maintained by Mark Lottor at:
- connectivity table maintained by Larry Landweber at:
USENET growth summary compiled from Quarterman and Hauben sources above,
and news.lists postings. Lots of historical USENET postings also provided
by Tom Fitzgerald (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Many of the URLs provided by Arnaud Dufour (email@example.com)
Contributors to Hobbes' Internet Timeline have their initials next to the
contributed items in the form (:zzz:) and are:
ad1 - Arnaud Dufour (firstname.lastname@example.org)
amk - Alex McKenzie (email@example.com)
ec1 - Eric Carroll (firstname.lastname@example.org)
esr - Eric S. Raymond (email@example.com)
feg - Farrell E. Gerbode (firstname.lastname@example.org)
gck - Gary C. Kessler (email@example.com)
glg - Gail L. Grant (firstname.lastname@example.org)
gmc - Grant McCall (email@example.com)
jg1 - Jim Gaynor (firstname.lastname@example.org)
lhl - Larry H. Landweber (email@example.com)
mpc - Mellisa P. Chase (firstname.lastname@example.org)
pb1 - Paul Burchard (email@example.com)
ph1 - Peter Hoffman (firstname.lastname@example.org)
rab - Roger A. Bielefeld (email@example.com)
sc1 - Susan Calcari (firstname.lastname@example.org)
sk2 - Stan Kulikowski (email@example.com) - see sources section
tp1 - Tim Pozar (firstname.lastname@example.org)
vgc - Vinton Cerf (email@example.com) - see sources section
zby - Zenel Batagelj (firstname.lastname@example.org)
:-) :-) :-) :-) :-) :-) ;-) Help the Author (-: (-: (-: (-: (-: (-: (-:
The author is on an eternal genealogical search. If you know of someone
whose last name is Zakon or could spare 1 minute to check your local phone
book, please e-mail any info (i.e., name, phone, address, city) to
email@example.com; your help is greatly appreciated.
Help update: Thanks to Net folks, 32 new Zakon's have been found so far, making
the current total around 150! (this after a decade of research)
Archive-name: Hobbes' Internet Timeline v2.3a
Last-updated: 22 February 1996
Maintainer: Robert H'obbes' Zakon, firstname.lastname@example.org
An Internet timeline highlighting some of the key events and technologies
which helped shape the Internet as we know it today.